Hurt Park, the homeless and their impacts on residents of Atlanta Annotated Bibliography First Five

Broad Question: How does the built environment of XXX shape the behavior, attitudes, beliefs of XXX in those spaces.

How does the location and placement of benches throughout Hurt park shape the attitudes and behavior of Atlantans toward the homeless?

The exact location and the placement of fixed furniture throughout Hurt park draws a large number of the homeless community, which creates a sense of discomfort and intended ignorance from the residents of the surrounding Atlanta area.

Illegal to be Homeless. (n.d.). Retrieved March 13, 2017, from

The National Coalition for the Homeless in an article labeled A DREAM DENIED:

THE CRIMINALIZATION OF HOMELESSNESS IN U.S. CITIES” specifically “#4 Atlanta, GA” states that there is inherent and biased negatives to being homeless from the legal system itself, poorly given out resources to public shelters to address these issues. This articles brings up city legislation in Atlanta that banned panhandling and gave examples of public outcry from opponents of this resolution including quotes from senator Vincent Fort against this decision. The main goal of the article is to bring out the unknown hardships homeless people endure while also showing the flaws in our community in how we judge and access them. The intended audience is civil rights activists, social justice members, and residents of Atlanta who resonate with this peace and want to bring change to the system they viewed is flawed. This article allows the reader to get a better understanding of what homeless people go through and how some legislation was made to specifically target them just to be rid of their existence.

Municode Library. (2017, March 9). Retrieved March 12, 2017, from

The City of Atlanta, state government legislation addresses the “Atlanta, Georgia – Code of Ordinances” which states all the legal laws and rules dealing with Atlanta’s law specifically Sec. 106-12. – Urban camping and improper use of public places, that addresses the current laws when dealing with the homeless and loitering issues.  It directly describes the exact binding law and ordinance and the specific cases of how each definition is being used and how words stated are meant to be interpreted with a known meaning, when brought up later. The general purpose of this website is to allow anyone the easy and anonymous access to active Atlanta city laws as they are currently being updated and maintained. The intended audience is state of Georgia residents, more specifically those in the Atlanta city area, so that they may be accustomed to the understanding of this cities laws and regulations. This source is incredibly useful in showing the way the city of Atlanta addresses the homeless and those who are described by Sec. 106-12 when dealing with urban camping.


Newburn, T., & Rock, P. (2004, December). Living in Fear: Violence and Victimisation in the

Lives of Single Homeless People . Retrieved March 12, 2017, from

Tim Newburn and Paul Rock are credited academic authors who have written and documented many criminalizations, injustices, and policies throughout the justice system, including writing “Living in Fear: Violence and Victimisation in the Lives of Single Homeless People” which documents and describes the victimization and mistreatment the homeless community withstands on a regular basis as compared to the general public. The statistics, and data are from cities and suburbs throughout the United Kingdom during 2004, they focus primarily on victimization and personal accounts through sample sized thorough interviews with unbiased questioning. The purpose of the article is to address the research that suggests that homeless people are less likely the perpetrators of a crime and more likely the victims, this in turn is to help change reader’s views on the way the view the homeless and crime. The intended audience are those who study criminology and flaws in the justice system, as well as lawmakers and academics who wish to change socially unjust norms. This article not only addresses hidden struggles that homeless people deal with on a regular basis it also addresses the criminology and unjustness they are given through facts, studies, reports and data tables showing the communities victimization.

Priestley, J. L. (2014, July). 2013 Report on Homelessness. Retrieved March 8, 2017, from

Georgia’s Department of Community Affairs, a subset of Georgia’s state government released “2013 Report on the Homeless” where they address the how the government defines homelessness, increasing and decreasing homeless population in counties, how long a person remains homeless on average in Georgia and more. All of the state’s conducted statistics come from credible sources and are based on homeless communities found throughout the report from graphs, data tables, maps and tables relating specifically to the addressed issue. The main point of the article is to bring awareness and track shifts in homelessness throughout Georgia, by analyzing shifting populations, densities and recurrence rates in Georgia. The intended audience is the civil rights activists, population and social class analysts and those who deal with and are interested in solving homeless community issues in Georgia. This article brings up real statistics of changing demographics of homeless people’s population, it also shows where there is more emphasis or demand to reduce the problem based on how large the issue is in certain areas.

Spann, A. (2016, April 28). Allison Spann’s Blog. Retrieved March 13, 2017, from

Allison Spann, a Georgia State University student addresses the close relationship between the homeless community and university students and why Georgia State attracts so many residents without a home in What Makes Georgia State University Attractive to the Homeless”. The Article addresses locations between the university and public transportation, showing maps and comparison between the other closest university Georgia Tech, it also show crime statistics and public access to these universities addressing diagrams of Atlanta and descriptive details of the university settings. The article’s main points are to bring awareness to the homeless people issue that is growing throughout the university and bring change by making a call to action to help alleviate this issue. The intended audience includes other Georgia State students and faculty to not be as frightful of their appearance and also to try and help their situation through charity work or donating to nonprofit causes.  This article goes in detail to describe experiences that students at this university have and brings data and evidence to back up the claims of increased traffic to Georgia State University.

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